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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 5-7

Importance of universal precautions in HIV, HBV, HCV positive patients

Assistant Professor, Rama Medical College, Kanpur, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Universal precautions (UP) are control guidelines designed to protect Health Care workers (HCW) from exposure to iseases spread by blood and other body fluids. This article reviews universal precautions include, hand washing, decontamination of equipment and devices , use and disposal of needles and sharps safely (no recapping), wearing protective items, prompt cleaning up of blood and body fluid spills, systems for safe collection of waste and disposal. All health care workers must learn the importance of good hygiene and hand washing techniques. Consider every patient as a potent source of infection unless proved otherwise. Despite increasing medical facilities, risk of acquiring infection by both patients and health care worker (HCW) from each other remains high in a health care setup 1 Hospital acquired infections (HAI) are an important cause of death globally. A variety of different microbes (commensals, pathogenic bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi) cause HAI among HCW. HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C are the most frequently acquired infections. The term ‘universal precautions’ has been replaced by the term ‘Standard precautions’. These are designed to reduce the risk of transmission of microorganisms in health care set-up and reduce morbidity. This article reviews the standard precautions for minimizing HAI2,3.

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