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ABSTRACT
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 112

Assessment of nutritional status of hemodialysis patients


1 Dietician, Department of Nutrition, SVT College of Home Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Dietician, Department of Nephrology, Global Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Director, Department of Nephrology, Global Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Date of Web Publication19-Sep-2019

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jrnm.jrnm_27_19

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How to cite this article:
Jhaveri D, Patil D, Patel Z, Shah B. Assessment of nutritional status of hemodialysis patients. J Renal Nutr Metab 2018;4:112

How to cite this URL:
Jhaveri D, Patil D, Patel Z, Shah B. Assessment of nutritional status of hemodialysis patients. J Renal Nutr Metab [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Oct 21];4:112. Available from: http://www.jrnm.in/text.asp?2018/4/4/112/267197




  Background Top


Patients in chronic renal disease often suffer from poor appetite, various comorbidities, and dietary restrictions. Despite regular hemodialysis, nutritional imbalances are frequently reported. Aiming to assess the nutritional status and the palatability of snacks provided to patients during dialysis, a prospective study was done.

Objective

  1. To assess the nutritional status of patients on hemodialysis with various nutritional tools
  2. To assess the palatability of snacks provided to patients during dialysis.



  Methods Top


A study was carried out in 19 adult patients, considered in a stable form, undergoing maintenance hemodialysis for the duration of at least 6 months or more, investigated by 24-h dietary recall, standard anthropometric measurements, biochemical parameters, simple objective assessment, modified subjective global assessment, and comprehensive malnutrition inflammation score. A standard snack, which consisted of chivda and ladoo, was provided to patients during the dialysis sessions, to assess the palatability and nutritional status of the patients.


  Results Top


The mean age of the group was 25 years and above. Body mass index was 22.0 ± 3.18 kg/m2 (mean ± standard deviation), calorie intake was 1550 ± 373 kcal/day, and protein ingestion was 53.2 ± 24.3 g protein/day. The patients had low consumption of fruits food group. Of 19 patients, three patients were not consuming the snacks provided, while 16 patients consumed the snacks provided during the session.


  Conclusion Top


Food consumption imbalance was observed, with little or no consumption of fruits, and other self-imposed restrictions done by the patients.






 

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