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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 91-94

Assessment of nutritional status in a patient with chronic kidney disease: How Do I Do It?


Department of Nephrology, Consultant Nephrologist, Renal Transplant Physician, Global Hospital, Sir HN Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research Center, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shruti Tapiawala
Global Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, Sir HN Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research Center, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jrnm.jrnm_40_19

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Studies report a high prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in dialysis-dependent end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients. The strongest evidence comes from the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study, which showed that, in patients with CKD, as renal function decreases, dietary protein and energy intake, anthropometric parameters, and biochemical markers of nutrition progressively decline. Even we have observed that the calorie and protein intake of Indian patients with CKD and ESRD is poor. This article discusses the methods to assess dietary intake in CKD and ESKD on maintenance dialysis.


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